In the Jim Crow era, black travelers in the United States often had a difficult time finding hotels that would allow them to stay, restaurants and other facilities. Racist practices dominated that roadways in many states. First published in 1936,…

Read's was a popular chain of drug stores/luncheonettes in the 20th century with approximately 39 outlets around Baltimore, scattered around central Maryland, It was the Walgreens of its day, with lunch spots. Like many establishments of a…

The currently operating Roye-Williams Elementary School began it's building life as a segregated, all-black school serving the Havre de Grace/Aberdeen area of Harford County. In 1953, Harford County Public Schools opened up the K-12 Havre de…

The Flying Clipper was a nicer and more spacious restaurant, nightclub and motel on Route 40 in Aberdeen at the time of the 1961 Freedom Ride. The CORE brochure listed it as "Still Segregated," hence it was a likely Freedom Rider…

The New Ideal Diner existed in downtown Aberdeen, Maryland in 1961 and into the 21st century. In 1961, it was listed as the "Ideal" restaurant in the CORE brochure for Freedom Riders and listed as "Desegregated." Therefore, it…

In 1961, the Aberdeen Diner existed in the southern or western edge of Aberdeen, along Route 40 near a creek and where a 7-11 store currently stands. When the Freedom Riders came through Aberdeen, they stopped at the diner. They were met by the…

The Bayou is a well-known restaurant in Havre de Grace, Maryland on Route 40. It opened in 1949 and continued to operate in 2021. In early December 1961, the CORE leadership found out that some of the restaurants on Route 40 were in fact still…

The Hosanna School is an example of an early institution that promoted civil rights. The school is in the historic Berkley region of northeastern Harford County. The area was known before the Civil War as a stop on the underground railroad. Berkley…

The Musical Inn was a bar/restaurant listed in CORE's brochure and targeted by Freedom Riders in December 1961 for its segregated practices. It was listed in the CORE brochure with the group of "Restaurants Still Segregated Along Route 40." This…

The Sportsman Grill was listed on the CORE brochure used as guide for Freedom Riders for the 1961 Route 40 Freedom Ride. The Aberdeen restaurant was on the list of "Restaurants Still Segregated." This meant that the owners had either agreed to…